Moscow, April 15. St. Petersburg archaeologists will present the finds of the expeditions of 2014, providing new evidence about the history of different regions of Russia and Asia. As reported TASS, the results of the field studies conducted in St. Petersburg, the Crimea, Tuva, Kola Peninsula, Turkmenistan will be considered at the enlarged meeting of the academic Council of the Institute of history of material culture (IIMK), ran, the newspaper reports “Kryminform “.
“The geography of research was very wide – from Tuva to Vyborg, the Kola Peninsula and the Krasnodar territory and on the territory of other States,” said TASS Deputy Director of the Institute Natalia Solovieva. – Besides fundamental research, the Institute carried out work on 42 contracts for conducting security-saving actions in the areas of economic development of Russia”.
At the meeting of the Academic Council archaeologists will also present the research plans, which in 2015 will be held in Crimea, the site of a unique underwater monument – sunken ancient city of AKRA, which is also called the “Crimean Atlantis”. Specialists of the Institute work there for the fourth year together with colleagues from the State Hermitage and the black sea center of underwater researches of the Crimea. Continue reading
Construction work in Eastern Mexico exposed an ancient settlement, including 30 skeletons and the ruins of the pyramid, which is thought to have been up to 2,000 years old, archaeology officials announced.
On the site of the graves in the city Jaltipan, to the Southeast of Veracruz, archaeologists also found clay figurines, jade beads, mirrors and animal remains, according to the National Institute of Anthropology and History or INAH.
Researchers believe that the settlement was occupied from approximately the first century BC to ad 600 or 700. Little is known about the people who lived there. The skeletons are going to be analyzed so that researchers could learn about how they were treated from the funeral. [In Photos: Ancient Egyptian Skeletons Unearthed]
“All that is known so far, is that these 30 funeral, two at least belong to infants,” explained archaeologist Alfredo Delgado in a statement from INAH.
Deer antlers and bones that may belong to dogs, American wolves, deer, fish and birds were buried with the bodies, perhaps as beloved Pets to the underworld, the researchers said. There is also evidence that the inhabitants of the place were fossil collectors; among the numerous prehistoric remains were facilityname teeth long shark extinct Megalodon-type. Continue reading
The history of human migration outside of Africa continues to generate interest among anthropologists. In fact, it was the first and most ambitious trip in history, about which still very little is known. So you can imagine the delight of the scientists who discovered in a cave in Georgia, the remains of the first men, appeared outside the Black continent. In addition, the study findings provided interesting information about the life of our distant predecessors.
The source is so important for the science of fossil material became the famous cave of Dmanisi in Georgia. This is a unique place, archaeologists discovered in the early 1990s and were struck by the number of unique finds, hidden in this dungeon. Several years ago, there were found fragments of the skeleton of the genus Homo (our immediate ancestors). Their age, determined by radiocarbon Dating, was equal to 1.77 million years, and this discovery made in the scientific world furor: the fact that these are the earliest finds of this kind outside Africa. Alas, they were very fragmentary and did not allow to reconstruct the shape of the first Asians.
Now as a result of new excavations in Dmanisi were found the well preserved remains of ancient people who lived in the same time period. Their study has brought several important results.First, it has been definitively proved that the first men were direct descendants of Australopithecus – the first hominid became bipedal and started to purposefully use tools. Secondly, it turned out that the anatomy of our ancestors is very peculiar. They had long, well developed legs, virtually no less in this modern people. But the brain was small, from 600 to 775 cubic cm – two times lower than ours.
“Evolution was in the direction of increasing the efficiency of energy use while walking,” says Professor David Lordkipanidze from the Georgian national Museum in Tbilisi. “If you are going on a long trip, you don’t have to be a genius, but it is useful to have strong legs,” – presents the same thought in a slightly different vein, Jeffrey Lightman, head of the research project on the American side.