Beliefs about the evil eye – some of the oldest in the middle East. Mesopotamian texts Dating back to 2500 BC, refers to “the evil eye”. These traditions are still preserved: the famous blue eyes – one of the most popular Souvenirs brought from Turkey. But there are also green – they probably have more ancient roots.
The first farmers were defending themselves and their crops by using green magic amulets. The importance of amulets was so great that they were made of special minerals, specially brought from afar.
The results of archaeological excavations of settlements from the Neolithic period on the territory of modern Israel was published in the journal PNAS.
Jewelry is as old as the world itself. For example, we already wrote about the oldest known artifacts, also found in the middle East – their age is estimated at up to 135 thousand years.
At different times of the jewelry carried a variety of meanings, but originally probably served primarily a sacral function.
The basic material from which were made beads, green or brown Apatite
Daniella Bar-Yosef Mayer (Daniella Bar-Yosef Mayer ) at the University of Haifa (Universityof Haifa ) and Naomi Porat (Porat Naomi ) from the Israeli geological Institute (Geological Survey of Israel ) believe that the fashion for all things green appeared during the Neolithic revolution, which was accompanied by adaptation of primitive beliefs. Continue reading
First of all Vyacheslav Molodin has focused on excavations in the complex of Tartas-1 Vengerovsky district of Novosibirsk region. Portal Scientific Russia already talked about the mysterious graves found near the Old village of Tartas. This year archaeologists have examined about 2 thousand square metres, found the remains of dwellings and a variety of things. Found even the Neolithic was the construction of fish processing. The archaeologists used geophysical equipment — magnetometers — and made a map of potential sites for future excavations.
Continued excavations in the Novosibirsk region and “Vengerovo-2”, where the bronze age settlement (about it also wrote the portal of Scientific Russia ). In Vengerovo was made a rare find — absolutely a vessel. In addition, this year there was found a mold for the manufacture of bronze axes. Tellingly, it was made from imported stone, and, apparently, could withstand up to 200 castings.Here’s another proof of the constant mixing of cultures that occurred in Siberia.
And in the Kolyvan district of the Novosibirsk region was found in Mongolian burial related in XIII-XIV centuries. In grave discovered the woman’s headdress, bun, clearly Mongol origin. And lie near the Western Siberian things. This woman, who lived far to the North from the centres of the Mongolian Empire clearly used local things, and, says Vyacheslav Molodin, “was integrated into the local environment.” Continue reading
The history of human migration outside of Africa continues to generate interest among anthropologists. In fact, it was the first and most ambitious trip in history, about which still very little is known. So you can imagine the delight of the scientists who discovered in a cave in Georgia, the remains of the first men, appeared outside the Black continent. In addition, the study findings provided interesting information about the life of our distant predecessors.
The source is so important for the science of fossil material became the famous cave of Dmanisi in Georgia. This is a unique place, archaeologists discovered in the early 1990s and were struck by the number of unique finds, hidden in this dungeon. Several years ago, there were found fragments of the skeleton of the genus Homo (our immediate ancestors). Their age, determined by radiocarbon Dating, was equal to 1.77 million years, and this discovery made in the scientific world furor: the fact that these are the earliest finds of this kind outside Africa. Alas, they were very fragmentary and did not allow to reconstruct the shape of the first Asians.
Now as a result of new excavations in Dmanisi were found the well preserved remains of ancient people who lived in the same time period. Their study has brought several important results.First, it has been definitively proved that the first men were direct descendants of Australopithecus – the first hominid became bipedal and started to purposefully use tools. Secondly, it turned out that the anatomy of our ancestors is very peculiar. They had long, well developed legs, virtually no less in this modern people. But the brain was small, from 600 to 775 cubic cm – two times lower than ours.
“Evolution was in the direction of increasing the efficiency of energy use while walking,” says Professor David Lordkipanidze from the Georgian national Museum in Tbilisi. “If you are going on a long trip, you don’t have to be a genius, but it is useful to have strong legs,” – presents the same thought in a slightly different vein, Jeffrey Lightman, head of the research project on the American side.