The modern world is increasingly faced with the challenge of finding methods of preservation and rational use of historical and cultural heritage. This is especially difficult when dealing with archaeological sites. Within this problem, there are different proposals, but the popularity of the creation of archaeological museums-reserves. It is significant that this trend is not localized in individual countries. having a powerful intellectual, economic and other resources, and assumes a worldwide scale.
This has been demonstrated through a number of archaeological museums-reserves around the world – Stonehenge, the Altamira in Europe, pustynna Nebraska in North America, La Venta in South America, Tassili, Carthage in Africa, and others.
In Russia in the last decade also there has been a sustained drive to expand the list of archaeological museums-reserves. But real Museum objects across the country is not much. according to the data of 2006 in Russia there were 103 of the Museum-reserve and 41 farmstead Museum. Thus the geography of their distribution shows the absolute leadership of the Central regions of the country and very low scores for Siberia and the Far East. Continue reading
In the West of Greece to the construction of the highway discovered the ruins of an ancient settlement
The ruins of a previously unknown ancient city discovered by archaeologists in the West of Greece.
The discovery was made during construction of major highways “Ionia Odos” (Ionian road) in the city Alikina near It.
Place excavations have already visited the Minister of infrastructure, transport and networks Michalis message Hrisohoidis.
The first results of the excavations show that it was an ancient city center. Scientists expect to obtain additional data in further studies.
Now for the archaeological site rests with the Central archaeological Council of Greece and the Ministry of culture and sports. According to Chrisochoidis, so far studied only a small part of the city.
Officials are concerned about the place of discovery of the ancient settlement, which is located practically on the construction site and near it, from which the works on construction of motorway section were suspended. Continue reading
All familiar with the history of the ancient world, remember that civilization originated in the lowlands of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers about 3 thousand years BC All that was before, – background, small villages of early farmers, primitive technology, home, cults. Recent discoveries of German archaeologists in southeastern Turkey, near the city of Urfa (ancient Edessa) substantially changed this usual picture, delaying the beginning of the story for 7-8 thousand years.
What do we mean by “civilization”? First of all organized society, able to focus not only on bread. Creation of monumental structures – namely these found in 1995 by Klaus Schmidt at gobekli Tepe is required the concerted efforts of many people over many years: built on a definite plan, builders need food and water… And it’s more than 12 thousand years ago (and perhaps earlier, since the excavations are far from complete). Continue reading