Unusual coin with ant, one of the rarest vases in the world, the oldest temple in the territory of Russia – this is only a small part of the findings Phanagorian archaeological expedition in the current field season
The discoveries of the world level occur in Phanagoria (Taman Peninsula) quite often – the town existed for about 1500 years, it was located on the area of 65 hectares, a third of its territory today at the bottom of the sea, and “land” part after the departure of the inhabitants never were under construction.
This summer in “the Upper town” (it was located here in ancient times the centre) scientists revealed the oldest layers belonging to VI – V centuries BC And the “Lower city” (excavation, which began last year) began research of the youngest layers of the X – XI centuries in both – findings that open new pages of history.
So, in the “Upper town” found city block, apparently, burned in first – second quarter of V century BC As it is written in one of the written sources,it was around this time the Bosporan Kingdom changed the power – one dynasty changed another. The study quarter will continue in the coming year. But, if we compare the findings of the same time, made in other cities of the Bosporan Kingdom, it appears that the transfer of power was accompanied by an armed confrontation, leading to the destruction and fires. It also opened part of the building with thick walls. Scientists suggest that it is the Church of the VI century BC If further studies confirm their hypothesis, it will be the most ancient temple, found on the territory of modern Russia. Continue reading
A new analysis of the world-famous fossils, whose age is estimated to 3,46 billion years finally helped to resolve the longstanding disputes of scientists. The study was conducted by experts from the University of Western Australia.
In 1993, American scientist bill SCHOPF (Bill Schopf) described a tiny sample (about 0.5-20 micrometers in diameter): these were carbon-rich silicon fiber breed age and 3.46 million years, found in the Pilbara region of Western Australia. He suggested that rocks were formed by some forms of bacteria, including cyanobacteria.
This sample, called the Apex chert microfossils, soon entered the textbooks and other popular scientific literature as the earliest evidence of life on Earth. However, its unusual color and complexity has caused scientists some questions.
The first doubts arose in 2002 when a team under the leadership of Martin Brasier (Martin Brasier) from Oxford University (which, incidentally, was a sponsor and the current study) found that breed was not part of the simple block of sedimentary rocks, but was extracted from hydrothermal rocks formed from the flow of underground fluids, for a long time exposed to high temperatures. Continue reading