The modern world is increasingly faced with the challenge of finding methods of preservation and rational use of historical and cultural heritage. This is especially difficult when dealing with archaeological sites. Within this problem, there are different proposals, but the popularity of the creation of archaeological museums-reserves. It is significant that this trend is not localized in individual countries. having a powerful intellectual, economic and other resources, and assumes a worldwide scale.
This has been demonstrated through a number of archaeological museums-reserves around the world – Stonehenge, the Altamira in Europe, pustynna Nebraska in North America, La Venta in South America, Tassili, Carthage in Africa, and others.
In Russia in the last decade also there has been a sustained drive to expand the list of archaeological museums-reserves. But real Museum objects across the country is not much. according to the data of 2006 in Russia there were 103 of the Museum-reserve and 41 farmstead Museum. Thus the geography of their distribution shows the absolute leadership of the Central regions of the country and very low scores for Siberia and the Far East. Continue reading
Beliefs about the evil eye – some of the oldest in the middle East. Mesopotamian texts Dating back to 2500 BC, refers to “the evil eye”. These traditions are still preserved: the famous blue eyes – one of the most popular Souvenirs brought from Turkey. But there are also green – they probably have more ancient roots.
The first farmers were defending themselves and their crops by using green magic amulets. The importance of amulets was so great that they were made of special minerals, specially brought from afar.
The results of archaeological excavations of settlements from the Neolithic period on the territory of modern Israel was published in the journal PNAS.
Jewelry is as old as the world itself. For example, we already wrote about the oldest known artifacts, also found in the middle East – their age is estimated at up to 135 thousand years.
At different times of the jewelry carried a variety of meanings, but originally probably served primarily a sacral function.
The basic material from which were made beads, green or brown Apatite
Daniella Bar-Yosef Mayer (Daniella Bar-Yosef Mayer ) at the University of Haifa (Universityof Haifa ) and Naomi Porat (Porat Naomi ) from the Israeli geological Institute (Geological Survey of Israel ) believe that the fashion for all things green appeared during the Neolithic revolution, which was accompanied by adaptation of primitive beliefs. Continue reading
Archaeologists have found in Rosh ha’ayin in the Central district of Israel ancient manor house and the Byzantine Church. Researchers estimate the age of the estate is approximately 2700 years old, the age of the Church in 1500 years. About the findings the scientists reported in a press release from the Israel antiquities authority.
The detected size of the estate — 30 x 50 meters, its walls are preserved to a height of over two meters. The house had 24 rooms gathered around a Central courtyard. In the courtyard scientists found a large compartment for the storage of grain, which, according to archeologists, suggest that in ancient times in the area the grain is grown in large quantities. This is also confirmed by the earlier findings in the excavations millstones. Along with other artifacts found on the estate, the researchers found two silver coins with the image of the Greek goddess Athena and her owl. Scientists have dated the coins to the fourth century BC. Also, there was found a stone press for olive oil.
According to the head of the excavations Amide of Shadman, this farm and others like it worked for centuries, until, until they were abandoned in the Hellenistic period (after 323 BC). The revival of the territory began in the Byzantine Empire in the V century came a new wave of settlers-Christians.
On one of the nearby hills, the researchers discovered a monastery from the Byzantine period. In the monastery complex, archaeologists have found a Church, an olive press, living quarters and stables with original mangers and troughs. The floor of the Abbey Church was covered with colorful mosaics. On one of the mosaics survived the inscription: “This place was built under the supervision of a priest Theodosius. Peace be with you, when you came, peace be with you, when you go away, Amen.” Continue reading