Smolensk state Museum-reserve
The historical Museum is the oldest in the system of the Smolensk Museum-preserve: in 1888, Smolensk ethnographer S. D. Pisarev in the building of the city Duma was opened the…

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Archaeological site museums in Russia. problems of formation and functioning
The modern world is increasingly faced with the challenge of finding methods of preservation and rational use of historical and cultural heritage. This is especially difficult when dealing with archaeological…

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Staraya Ladoga historical-architectural and archaeological Museum-reserve

Ladoga – the ancient city of Northern Russia, founded not later than in 753. Ladoga was the first port city on the paths to riches the Arabian East and Byzantium. Ladoga – the first residence of Prince Rurik, designed in 862. Here You will see Russia in the time of Rurik and Oleg prophetic; Rus Prince Alexander Nevsky, Russia under Peter I. the Vain world shall depart to another dimension, and Your eyes gaze at the magnificent panorama of pre-Christian burial hills, the pre-Mongolian churches, monastery complexes and fortifications of XII-XVI centuries in the temple of St. George the XII century. you can see the fresco of “St. George and the dragon” in its early recension: Holy prayer tames the dragon. Unique aura of lake Ladoga, its energy charge and eternal throughout history – that the emotions and images, which we hope You will share with us.

The idea of creating the Museum in Staraya Ladoga arose in the early twentieth century was Intended to establish a cultural and educational institution, which will include a Museum, a theatre and a library-reading room. Continue reading

Archaeological excavations

Archaeological excavations made in order to East. research excavation of archaeological sites, mostly ancient tombs or the remains of ancient settlements. In the USSR the organization A. R. carry out specials. arcitecture. institutions (research institutes, archaeological departments of universities, museums, etc.). A. R. should only be performed by specialists-archaeologists on the basis of an “Open” document to the right of excavation issued by the USSR Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Sciences of the Union republics. Arcitecture. science developed a set of scientific. receptions At A. R. A. R. settlement excavations produced a large enough area (to accommodate common facilities), the layer (within layers – layers defined. thickness), square (for ease of fixing) all the way down to the bottom of the cultural layer. Mandatory clear documentation of the excavation (written, graphic, Photographic). When R. A. studied cultural layer (and in burials – burial mound and the fill of the burial pit), structures, finds and human and animal bones, plant remains, grains, etc. Continue reading

The ancient settlements of the Mayan Xunantunich (Xunantunich) and Cahal Pech (Kahal Pech) in Belize.

Once a part of the Legionnaires of our diving club, went home to snow-covered trees, the most persistent continue to explore the Mayan pyramids. Today we are going to Xunantunich and Cahal Pech.

Xunantunich (Xunantunich).

An ancient settlement of the Maya Xunantunich Xunantunich or, as we call it, is located a few miles from the Western border of Belize.

The name “Xunantunich” means “Stone maiden” and is associated with an ancient legend. It is said that when the city only began in the 600th year, in the jungle mystically appeared the image of “the virgin”, the solution in the walls just laid down the pyramid El Castillo. Since then, the town began to call her name.

Xunantunich was located high on a hill above the river, commanding to the East of it. The result of successful its location, Xunantunich was a city controlling the trade route of the caravans to the Atlantic coast, and also performed the role of ritual and ceremonial center of the Maya … Continue reading