An international group of researchers from China and Australia have made a discovery that could one day turn the idea of human evolution .
The mysterious remains were discovered in the so-called “deer cave” in the Chinese province of Yunnan in 1979. In the remains of relatives of homo sapiens. scientists have identified an unknown science view of human beings. However, to explore them began only recently – from rock bones recovered only in 2009. Another similar skeleton was found in 1989 in neighboring Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region. But his study only in 2008. If the assumption of archaeologists are confirmed, in the books of anthropology among the people who inhabited our planet thousands of years ago, the company “Homo sapiens” and Neanderthals will be the third type.
According to scientists and archaeologists. found the remains of from 11.5 to 14.3 thousand years. A distinctive feature of the “man from deer cave” is the structure of the skull – cranial region: skull: round, low superciliary ridges. The face was small and flat, wide nose. The lower jaw was jutting forward strongly, with the structure of the neck was quite “modern”. Generally, statiscally is a kind of “mix” – from prehistory and the present man. Continue reading
The history of human migration outside of Africa continues to generate interest among anthropologists. In fact, it was the first and most ambitious trip in history, about which still very little is known. So you can imagine the delight of the scientists who discovered in a cave in Georgia, the remains of the first men, appeared outside the Black continent. In addition, the study findings provided interesting information about the life of our distant predecessors.
The source is so important for the science of fossil material became the famous cave of Dmanisi in Georgia. This is a unique place, archaeologists discovered in the early 1990s and were struck by the number of unique finds, hidden in this dungeon. Several years ago, there were found fragments of the skeleton of the genus Homo (our immediate ancestors). Their age, determined by radiocarbon Dating, was equal to 1.77 million years, and this discovery made in the scientific world furor: the fact that these are the earliest finds of this kind outside Africa. Alas, they were very fragmentary and did not allow to reconstruct the shape of the first Asians.
Now as a result of new excavations in Dmanisi were found the well preserved remains of ancient people who lived in the same time period. Their study has brought several important results.First, it has been definitively proved that the first men were direct descendants of Australopithecus – the first hominid became bipedal and started to purposefully use tools. Secondly, it turned out that the anatomy of our ancestors is very peculiar. They had long, well developed legs, virtually no less in this modern people. But the brain was small, from 600 to 775 cubic cm – two times lower than ours.
“Evolution was in the direction of increasing the efficiency of energy use while walking,” says Professor David Lordkipanidze from the Georgian national Museum in Tbilisi. “If you are going on a long trip, you don’t have to be a genius, but it is useful to have strong legs,” – presents the same thought in a slightly different vein, Jeffrey Lightman, head of the research project on the American side.
Jinsha is an archaeological area, which is located in the province of Sichuan China, Chengdu, in the Qingyang district on the Bank of river modi. Its name it derives from the homonymous street, located nearby, which, in turn, was named after the river Jinsha. This place was discovered by accident, but became very significant. The heyday of this city was from 1000 BC And now it is a large, popular Museum.
8 February 2001 in the village of Jinsha builders worked on the construction of a new facility. During the process, and were found valuable archaeological finds – products of Jasper and ivory. Soon arrived at the scene the police, the object was closed and the area was protected for excavation. Later the place became a Museum of archaeology. Jinsha is located in 50 km from the famous culture of Sanxingdui that have carried out archaeological excavations of ancient cities. The highest point of its development the city has reached about 1000 BC Here found burial grounds that are similar to Sanindusa, also a large variety of items from jade, ivory, gold and bronze, but this settlement was not the city wall. The Jinsha culture, which existed from 1200 to 650 BC according to scientists, is the “final” Insidously culture.
Since the beginning of archaeological excavations in the ancient city managed to extract from the ground more than 1000 products of an ancient culture. The age of most of them is more than 3000 years. Ochevidnosti the similarity of detected objects in Sensisble. Thus, a bronze figure of a man similar to bronze statues and masks of the neighbouring culture. A gold belt is visible ornament, resembling the ornament on a gold scepter, the symbol of princely power in the Kingdom of Shu. Continue reading