The first time the human settlements in Kostyonki are 45 thousand years ago, the last end its existence about 30 thousand years later. During this time, humanity was able to go to a Grand from a small group the first Europeans who only started to master a new continent, to highly developed societies “mammoth hunters”. Finds of that era showed that people not only managed to survive in the extreme conditions of a periglacial zone, and created expressive culture: they could build a complex of residential constructions, to do a variety of stone tools and create amazing artistic images. Thanks to these findings largely created our current understanding of the stone age. Kostenki is a reference monument of the upper Paleolithic, to preserve, study and promote the aims of the Museum-reserve.
March 2 at the Palace of culture “Shinnik” on the street of Rostov opened postponed due to quarantine activities exhibition dedicated to the Day of defender of the Fatherland. The exhibition presents works of students of schools of the city and region, collected by our Museum last year during the jubilee events dedicated to the 70th anniversary of … Continue reading
The megalosaur (1676), the first dinosaur found. When part of his thigh was discovered in the UK in 1676, Professor at Oxford University, took her for part of the leg of a giant. Only 150 years later in 1824, William Buckland named the creature the “megalosaur”. The term “dinosaurs” appeared 20 years later in 1842.
Mosasaur (1764). Bones of mosasaurs found for hundreds of years, but could not understand who they belong to. Mosasaur notable for the fact that it was first considered to be the most ancient extinct species. It was made by the French naturalist Georges Cuvier, he first suggested that some creatures could live for millions of years before humans.
Iguanodon (1820) was the second creature, which was given the definition of “dinosaur”. The teeth of the iguanodon were discovered by British geologist Gideon Mantell. He showed them various scientist, but they considered that the teeth belong to the fish or rhinos. Only a couple of years from the remains iguanaman saw a giant creature.
Archaeopteryx (1860-1862). In 1859 Charles Darwin published his famous book “Origin of species” which described the theory of evolution. Soon was found a perfectly preserved skeleton of Archaeopteryx, which razosanas in “missing link” between dinosaurs and birds. Later found a much more convincing transitional forms, Archaeopteryx but remember all. Continue reading
An international group of researchers from China and Australia have made a discovery that could one day turn the idea of human evolution .
The mysterious remains were discovered in the so-called “deer cave” in the Chinese province of Yunnan in 1979. In the remains of relatives of homo sapiens. scientists have identified an unknown science view of human beings. However, to explore them began only recently – from rock bones recovered only in 2009. Another similar skeleton was found in 1989 in neighboring Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region. But his study only in 2008. If the assumption of archaeologists are confirmed, in the books of anthropology among the people who inhabited our planet thousands of years ago, the company “Homo sapiens” and Neanderthals will be the third type.
According to scientists and archaeologists. found the remains of from 11.5 to 14.3 thousand years. A distinctive feature of the “man from deer cave” is the structure of the skull – cranial region: skull: round, low superciliary ridges. The face was small and flat, wide nose. The lower jaw was jutting forward strongly, with the structure of the neck was quite “modern”. Generally, statiscally is a kind of “mix” – from prehistory and the present man. Continue reading