The modern world is increasingly faced with the challenge of finding methods of preservation and rational use of historical and cultural heritage. This is especially difficult when dealing with archaeological sites. Within this problem, there are different proposals, but the popularity of the creation of archaeological museums-reserves. It is significant that this trend is not localized in individual countries. having a powerful intellectual, economic and other resources, and assumes a worldwide scale.
This has been demonstrated through a number of archaeological museums-reserves around the world – Stonehenge, the Altamira in Europe, pustynna Nebraska in North America, La Venta in South America, Tassili, Carthage in Africa, and others.
In Russia in the last decade also there has been a sustained drive to expand the list of archaeological museums-reserves. But real Museum objects across the country is not much. according to the data of 2006 in Russia there were 103 of the Museum-reserve and 41 farmstead Museum. Thus the geography of their distribution shows the absolute leadership of the Central regions of the country and very low scores for Siberia and the Far East. Continue reading
Beliefs about the evil eye – some of the oldest in the middle East. Mesopotamian texts Dating back to 2500 BC, refers to “the evil eye”. These traditions are still preserved: the famous blue eyes – one of the most popular Souvenirs brought from Turkey. But there are also green – they probably have more ancient roots.
The first farmers were defending themselves and their crops by using green magic amulets. The importance of amulets was so great that they were made of special minerals, specially brought from afar.
The results of archaeological excavations of settlements from the Neolithic period on the territory of modern Israel was published in the journal PNAS.
Jewelry is as old as the world itself. For example, we already wrote about the oldest known artifacts, also found in the middle East – their age is estimated at up to 135 thousand years.
At different times of the jewelry carried a variety of meanings, but originally probably served primarily a sacral function.
The basic material from which were made beads, green or brown Apatite
Daniella Bar-Yosef Mayer (Daniella Bar-Yosef Mayer ) at the University of Haifa (Universityof Haifa ) and Naomi Porat (Porat Naomi ) from the Israeli geological Institute (Geological Survey of Israel ) believe that the fashion for all things green appeared during the Neolithic revolution, which was accompanied by adaptation of primitive beliefs. Continue reading
Moscow, April 15. St. Petersburg archaeologists will present the finds of the expeditions of 2014, providing new evidence about the history of different regions of Russia and Asia. As reported TASS, the results of the field studies conducted in St. Petersburg, the Crimea, Tuva, Kola Peninsula, Turkmenistan will be considered at the enlarged meeting of the academic Council of the Institute of history of material culture (IIMK), ran, the newspaper reports “Kryminform “.
“The geography of research was very wide – from Tuva to Vyborg, the Kola Peninsula and the Krasnodar territory and on the territory of other States,” said TASS Deputy Director of the Institute Natalia Solovieva. – Besides fundamental research, the Institute carried out work on 42 contracts for conducting security-saving actions in the areas of economic development of Russia”.
At the meeting of the Academic Council archaeologists will also present the research plans, which in 2015 will be held in Crimea, the site of a unique underwater monument – sunken ancient city of AKRA, which is also called the “Crimean Atlantis”. Specialists of the Institute work there for the fourth year together with colleagues from the State Hermitage and the black sea center of underwater researches of the Crimea. Continue reading