Archaeological excavations made in order to East. research excavation of archaeological sites, mostly ancient tombs or the remains of ancient settlements. In the USSR the organization A. R. carry out specials. arcitecture. institutions (research institutes, archaeological departments of universities, museums, etc.). A. R. should only be performed by specialists-archaeologists on the basis of an “Open” document to the right of excavation issued by the USSR Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Sciences of the Union republics. Arcitecture. science developed a set of scientific. receptions At A. R. A. R. settlement excavations produced a large enough area (to accommodate common facilities), the layer (within layers – layers defined. thickness), square (for ease of fixing) all the way down to the bottom of the cultural layer. Mandatory clear documentation of the excavation (written, graphic, Photographic). When R. A. studied cultural layer (and in burials – burial mound and the fill of the burial pit), structures, finds and human and animal bones, plant remains, grains, etc. Continue reading
Archaeologists, St. Petersburg state University and the State Hermitage Museum during a scheduled visit to the archaeological sites of the Kingisepp district of the Leningrad region fixed on the object of cultural heritage “Barrow group illovo of” fresh traces of extensive predatory excavations.
The medieval burial ground damaged trenches with a length of several meters and a depth of one meter. “Apparently, the thieves completely removed the items of nonferrous metal coins or jewelry from the burial pits, said TANR archaeologist, coordinator of the public movement for the protection of the archaeological heritage “Amateur” Ivan Stasiuk . — In the dumps of the trenches strewn human bones and iron objects and ceramic fragments originating from the burial, discarded”. According to him, currently, the archaeologists prepare a report to the police and Prosecutor’s office.
Barrow group Pillowa known to scientists since the late nineteenth century. In 1885 Leo Ivanovo archaeologist excavated here 29 mounds belonging to the XII–XIII centuries. In 1973 a group was examined by an archaeologist Eugene Ryabinin from Leningrad branch of the Institute of archaeology, USSR Academy of Sciences. Continue reading
During the ongoing works on construction of railway tunnel “Marmaray” in Istanbul workers found invaluable for historians the ruins of the ancient settlement.
Presumably the settlement belongs to the new stone age (Neolithic).
It was constructed over 8,000 years ago on the site of modern Istanbul’s Pendik district.
Ancient buildings, the cemetery, various tools, such as knives, needles, axes, whose age is about 8 500 years old, were discovered during the construction of the section Gebze-Haydarpaşa Marmaray tunnel. Now excavations at this place are the Museum of archaeology of Istanbul.
Ahmet Emre Bilgili, Manager of culture and tourism, said that such a discovery that shed light on the ancient history of Istanbul. was a great joy, and that now the city would need a new Museum, which housed artifacts from the Neolithic period. Continue reading