Smolensk state Museum-reserve
The historical Museum is the oldest in the system of the Smolensk Museum-preserve: in 1888, Smolensk ethnographer S. D. Pisarev in the building of the city Duma was opened the…

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Paestum (Paestum): an ancient city of Magna Grecia.
Paestum is an ancient city of Magna Grecia in Italy. The Greeks called him Poseidon. All the churches of the city were grouped around a square. Discovered this place in…

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mound

Archaeological excavations

Archaeological excavations made in order to East. research excavation of archaeological sites, mostly ancient tombs or the remains of ancient settlements. In the USSR the organization A. R. carry out specials. arcitecture. institutions (research institutes, archaeological departments of universities, museums, etc.). A. R. should only be performed by specialists-archaeologists on the basis of an “Open” document to the right of excavation issued by the USSR Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Sciences of the Union republics. Arcitecture. science developed a set of scientific. receptions At A. R. A. R. settlement excavations produced a large enough area (to accommodate common facilities), the layer (within layers – layers defined. thickness), square (for ease of fixing) all the way down to the bottom of the cultural layer. Mandatory clear documentation of the excavation (written, graphic, Photographic). When R. A. studied cultural layer (and in burials – burial mound and the fill of the burial pit), structures, finds and human and animal bones, plant remains, grains, etc. Continue reading

Save a unique monument and burial mounds of Ancient Rus ‘ of the X century

Archaeologists working in Gnezdovo asking for help. Collect on Bumstartere the world for the repair of total station.

Many people think that to be in Ancient Rus ‘ of the X century and walk the earth, which still retain traces of our ancestors, was now impossible. It is not so! Not far from Smolensk, on the Dnieper river is the largest monument of the epoch of formation of old Russian state – Gnezdovo archaeological complex. If many other ancient Russian towns (Novgorod, Pskov, Suzdal, etc.) in the modern times have been built up with houses and factories, life in Gnezdovo stuck in the middle Ages. This is one of the few places that still have Large mounds – the burial of the Russian princes of the tenth century. Gnezdovo is one of the biggest in Europe number of barrows (more than 4,500), two towns, a few open settlements. There is every reason to believe that Gnezdovo mentioned in the middle of the tenth century under the name “fortress Miminiska” by the Byzantine Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus, and is probably an ancient Smolensk. The total protected area of the monument is about 200 hectares and it is one of the largest early medieval monuments on the territory of Ancient Russia. Continue reading

“Black diggers” looted medieval burial ground in the Leningrad region

Archaeologists, St. Petersburg state University and the State Hermitage Museum during a scheduled visit to the archaeological sites of the Kingisepp district of the Leningrad region fixed on the object of cultural heritage “Barrow group illovo of” fresh traces of extensive predatory excavations.

The medieval burial ground damaged trenches with a length of several meters and a depth of one meter. “Apparently, the thieves completely removed the items of nonferrous metal coins or jewelry from the burial pits, said TANR archaeologist, coordinator of the public movement for the protection of the archaeological heritage “Amateur” Ivan Stasiuk . — In the dumps of the trenches strewn human bones and iron objects and ceramic fragments originating from the burial, discarded”. According to him, currently, the archaeologists prepare a report to the police and Prosecutor’s office.

Barrow group Pillowa known to scientists since the late nineteenth century. In 1885 Leo Ivanovo archaeologist excavated here 29 mounds belonging to the XII–XIII centuries. In 1973 a group was examined by an archaeologist Eugene Ryabinin from Leningrad branch of the Institute of archaeology, USSR Academy of Sciences. Continue reading

The Israelis dug up the history of the green
Beliefs about the evil eye – some of the oldest in the middle East. Mesopotamian texts Dating back to 2500 BC, refers to "the evil eye". These traditions are still…

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