The historical Museum is the oldest in the system of the Smolensk Museum-preserve: in 1888, Smolensk ethnographer S. D. Pisarev in the building of the city Duma was opened the historical-archaeological Museum. Since then the collection has greatly expanded, the Museum changed its name and address, but still introduces visitors to the rich history of the region. The Museum is a lot of work on the creation of a permanent exhibition, open sections “Ancient history of the Smolensk land” (100kt. years ago – early IX century ad) and “Smolensk in the old Russian state in IX – early XIII centuries”. More than 1,500 objects of archeological Fund of the Museum includes the exposition “Ancient history of the Smolensk land (100kt. years ago – early IX century ad)” osvidetelstvovanie of the Smolensk region from the stone age to the early middle ages. Among the exhibits: flint hunting tools of ancient people, stone axes, fragments of pottery, bronze ornaments and objects of worship, as well as models, maps, reconstructions.
The highlight of the show is a real preserved skeleton of a mammoth. In the 2nd hall of the permanent exposition visitors can see the legendary monuments of the Gnezdovo archaeological complex (IX-X CC.): not having analogues in Continue reading
According to experts, the artifacts discovered on the territory of Moldova are sent abroad. After the antiquities pass through the hands of the diggers, their estimated cost can be significantly reduced.
CHISINAU, 2 Mar Sputnik, Daria Chernega. The Ministry of culture of Moldova cannot accurately assess the actual extent of black archaeology in the Republic, said Sputnik, Deputy Minister of culture of Moldova Igor Sharov.
Officially only 65 people in the country are issued by the Department permission to use metal detectors. In the case of Amateur archaeologists much more.
According to officials, in the past 20 years, sellers of artifacts seized from the bowels of the Moldavian earth much more ancient than scientists, since 1945.
Earlier, the government approved the bill for unauthorized archaeological excavations will be forced to pay into the state Treasury up to one thousand conventional units or deprived of liberty for a term up to one year.
“The law applies not only to the diggers, but also to those who store and sell historical value obtained illegally. We will make every effort to ensure that the law was implemented in practice. Those who go into the field with a metal detector,must remember that this case is punishable,” said Balls. Continue reading
The history of human migration outside of Africa continues to generate interest among anthropologists. In fact, it was the first and most ambitious trip in history, about which still very little is known. So you can imagine the delight of the scientists who discovered in a cave in Georgia, the remains of the first men, appeared outside the Black continent. In addition, the study findings provided interesting information about the life of our distant predecessors.
The source is so important for the science of fossil material became the famous cave of Dmanisi in Georgia. This is a unique place, archaeologists discovered in the early 1990s and were struck by the number of unique finds, hidden in this dungeon. Several years ago, there were found fragments of the skeleton of the genus Homo (our immediate ancestors). Their age, determined by radiocarbon Dating, was equal to 1.77 million years, and this discovery made in the scientific world furor: the fact that these are the earliest finds of this kind outside Africa. Alas, they were very fragmentary and did not allow to reconstruct the shape of the first Asians.
Now as a result of new excavations in Dmanisi were found the well preserved remains of ancient people who lived in the same time period. Their study has brought several important results.First, it has been definitively proved that the first men were direct descendants of Australopithecus – the first hominid became bipedal and started to purposefully use tools. Secondly, it turned out that the anatomy of our ancestors is very peculiar. They had long, well developed legs, virtually no less in this modern people. But the brain was small, from 600 to 775 cubic cm – two times lower than ours.
“Evolution was in the direction of increasing the efficiency of energy use while walking,” says Professor David Lordkipanidze from the Georgian national Museum in Tbilisi. “If you are going on a long trip, you don’t have to be a genius, but it is useful to have strong legs,” – presents the same thought in a slightly different vein, Jeffrey Lightman, head of the research project on the American side.