The modern world is increasingly faced with the challenge of finding methods of preservation and rational use of historical and cultural heritage. This is especially difficult when dealing with archaeological sites. Within this problem, there are different proposals, but the popularity of the creation of archaeological museums-reserves. It is significant that this trend is not localized in individual countries. having a powerful intellectual, economic and other resources, and assumes a worldwide scale.
This has been demonstrated through a number of archaeological museums-reserves around the world – Stonehenge, the Altamira in Europe, pustynna Nebraska in North America, La Venta in South America, Tassili, Carthage in Africa, and others.
In Russia in the last decade also there has been a sustained drive to expand the list of archaeological museums-reserves. But real Museum objects across the country is not much. according to the data of 2006 in Russia there were 103 of the Museum-reserve and 41 farmstead Museum. Thus the geography of their distribution shows the absolute leadership of the Central regions of the country and very low scores for Siberia and the Far East. Continue reading
Odessa archaeological Museum is one of the oldest in Ukraine. It is located in a magnificent building built in the country style in the middle of the XIX century, in the heart of Odessa. Thanks to the incredibly rich collection of unique antiquities archaeological Museum is a real treasure, a priceless cultural heritage, and is among the top ten most visited sights of South Palmyra.
It began its history in 1825 as the city Museum of antiquities. The core of its collection became a private collection of ancient books and archaeological objects, which the city passed local philanthropist Ivan Blaramberh, who actively participated in the creation of the Museum. Further development required archaeological Museum of the Odessa society of history and antiquities, through which its funds have been considerably increased original artifacts of the past.
The Museum’s collection, numbering about 170 thousand exhibits, is set in ten themed rooms, located on two floors. It consists of valuable monuments of history and culture of the Northern black sea, ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, as well as antiquities from Cyprus and Egypt. The exposition is built in chronological order from the stone age to the middle Ages and introduces the culture and life of different Nations. Continue reading
First of all Vyacheslav Molodin has focused on excavations in the complex of Tartas-1 Vengerovsky district of Novosibirsk region. Portal Scientific Russia already talked about the mysterious graves found near the Old village of Tartas. This year archaeologists have examined about 2 thousand square metres, found the remains of dwellings and a variety of things. Found even the Neolithic was the construction of fish processing. The archaeologists used geophysical equipment — magnetometers — and made a map of potential sites for future excavations.
Continued excavations in the Novosibirsk region and “Vengerovo-2”, where the bronze age settlement (about it also wrote the portal of Scientific Russia ). In Vengerovo was made a rare find — absolutely a vessel. In addition, this year there was found a mold for the manufacture of bronze axes. Tellingly, it was made from imported stone, and, apparently, could withstand up to 200 castings.Here’s another proof of the constant mixing of cultures that occurred in Siberia.
And in the Kolyvan district of the Novosibirsk region was found in Mongolian burial related in XIII-XIV centuries. In grave discovered the woman’s headdress, bun, clearly Mongol origin. And lie near the Western Siberian things. This woman, who lived far to the North from the centres of the Mongolian Empire clearly used local things, and, says Vyacheslav Molodin, “was integrated into the local environment.” Continue reading