Beliefs about the evil eye – some of the oldest in the middle East. Mesopotamian texts Dating back to 2500 BC, refers to “the evil eye”. These traditions are still preserved: the famous blue eyes – one of the most popular Souvenirs brought from Turkey. But there are also green – they probably have more ancient roots.
The first farmers were defending themselves and their crops by using green magic amulets. The importance of amulets was so great that they were made of special minerals, specially brought from afar.
The results of archaeological excavations of settlements from the Neolithic period on the territory of modern Israel was published in the journal PNAS.
Jewelry is as old as the world itself. For example, we already wrote about the oldest known artifacts, also found in the middle East – their age is estimated at up to 135 thousand years.
At different times of the jewelry carried a variety of meanings, but originally probably served primarily a sacral function.
The basic material from which were made beads, green or brown Apatite
Daniella Bar-Yosef Mayer (Daniella Bar-Yosef Mayer ) at the University of Haifa (Universityof Haifa ) and Naomi Porat (Porat Naomi ) from the Israeli geological Institute (Geological Survey of Israel ) believe that the fashion for all things green appeared during the Neolithic revolution, which was accompanied by adaptation of primitive beliefs. Continue reading
The first time the human settlements in Kostyonki are 45 thousand years ago, the last end its existence about 30 thousand years later. During this time, humanity was able to go to a Grand from a small group the first Europeans who only started to master a new continent, to highly developed societies “mammoth hunters”. Finds of that era showed that people not only managed to survive in the extreme conditions of a periglacial zone, and created expressive culture: they could build a complex of residential constructions, to do a variety of stone tools and create amazing artistic images. Thanks to these findings largely created our current understanding of the stone age. Kostenki is a reference monument of the upper Paleolithic, to preserve, study and promote the aims of the Museum-reserve.
March 2 at the Palace of culture “Shinnik” on the street of Rostov opened postponed due to quarantine activities exhibition dedicated to the Day of defender of the Fatherland. The exhibition presents works of students of schools of the city and region, collected by our Museum last year during the jubilee events dedicated to the 70th anniversary of … Continue reading
Archaeological excavations made in order to East. research excavation of archaeological sites, mostly ancient tombs or the remains of ancient settlements. In the USSR the organization A. R. carry out specials. arcitecture. institutions (research institutes, archaeological departments of universities, museums, etc.). A. R. should only be performed by specialists-archaeologists on the basis of an “Open” document to the right of excavation issued by the USSR Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Sciences of the Union republics. Arcitecture. science developed a set of scientific. receptions At A. R. A. R. settlement excavations produced a large enough area (to accommodate common facilities), the layer (within layers – layers defined. thickness), square (for ease of fixing) all the way down to the bottom of the cultural layer. Mandatory clear documentation of the excavation (written, graphic, Photographic). When R. A. studied cultural layer (and in burials – burial mound and the fill of the burial pit), structures, finds and human and animal bones, plant remains, grains, etc. Continue reading