The megalosaur (1676), the first dinosaur found. When part of his thigh was discovered in the UK in 1676, Professor at Oxford University, took her for part of the leg of a giant. Only 150 years later in 1824, William Buckland named the creature the “megalosaur”. The term “dinosaurs” appeared 20 years later in 1842.
Mosasaur (1764). Bones of mosasaurs found for hundreds of years, but could not understand who they belong to. Mosasaur notable for the fact that it was first considered to be the most ancient extinct species. It was made by the French naturalist Georges Cuvier, he first suggested that some creatures could live for millions of years before humans.
Iguanodon (1820) was the second creature, which was given the definition of “dinosaur”. The teeth of the iguanodon were discovered by British geologist Gideon Mantell. He showed them various scientist, but they considered that the teeth belong to the fish or rhinos. Only a couple of years from the remains iguanaman saw a giant creature.
Archaeopteryx (1860-1862). In 1859 Charles Darwin published his famous book “Origin of species” which described the theory of evolution. Soon was found a perfectly preserved skeleton of Archaeopteryx, which razosanas in “missing link” between dinosaurs and birds. Later found a much more convincing transitional forms, Archaeopteryx but remember all. Continue reading
An international group of researchers from China and Australia have made a discovery that could one day turn the idea of human evolution .
The mysterious remains were discovered in the so-called “deer cave” in the Chinese province of Yunnan in 1979. In the remains of relatives of homo sapiens. scientists have identified an unknown science view of human beings. However, to explore them began only recently – from rock bones recovered only in 2009. Another similar skeleton was found in 1989 in neighboring Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region. But his study only in 2008. If the assumption of archaeologists are confirmed, in the books of anthropology among the people who inhabited our planet thousands of years ago, the company “Homo sapiens” and Neanderthals will be the third type.
According to scientists and archaeologists. found the remains of from 11.5 to 14.3 thousand years. A distinctive feature of the “man from deer cave” is the structure of the skull – cranial region: skull: round, low superciliary ridges. The face was small and flat, wide nose. The lower jaw was jutting forward strongly, with the structure of the neck was quite “modern”. Generally, statiscally is a kind of “mix” – from prehistory and the present man. Continue reading
Archaeological excavations made in order to East. research excavation of archaeological sites, mostly ancient tombs or the remains of ancient settlements. In the USSR the organization A. R. carry out specials. arcitecture. institutions (research institutes, archaeological departments of universities, museums, etc.). A. R. should only be performed by specialists-archaeologists on the basis of an “Open” document to the right of excavation issued by the USSR Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Sciences of the Union republics. Arcitecture. science developed a set of scientific. receptions At A. R. A. R. settlement excavations produced a large enough area (to accommodate common facilities), the layer (within layers – layers defined. thickness), square (for ease of fixing) all the way down to the bottom of the cultural layer. Mandatory clear documentation of the excavation (written, graphic, Photographic). When R. A. studied cultural layer (and in burials – burial mound and the fill of the burial pit), structures, finds and human and animal bones, plant remains, grains, etc. Continue reading