The remains of very old settlements, like the mound of Tell Brak, shown here, can now be found remotely. In a similar survey of large areas directly on site would take years
Experts have developed a new technique for processing of satellite images, which allowed to identify in northeastern Syria, several thousand previously unknown settlements. The oldest of them are between the ages of eight thousand years.
Directly on earth to speculate about hidden under layers of sand and earth the remains of the tiny towns or villages is very difficult. However, they do not disappear completely. Centuries of accumulated organic waste and rubbish, the broken bricks and, of course, irrigation alter the surface structure. It turns out anthropogenic soil (anthrosol ).
This ground is slightly different spectral features than in undisturbed regions. This property and used Jason Ur (Jason Ur) from Harvard University (Harvard University ), Bjoern Menze (Menze Bjoern) from the Massachusetts Institute of technology (MIT ) to search for the ancient habitation of space.
According to the information Nature, scientists have developed a program that combines the modern with the old digital map satellite Photos (from the 1960s), and made in different times of the year.
An automatic analysis allowed to identify in North Mesopotamia the area of 23 thousand square kilometers many of the alleged settlements. All were put on the map 14 thousand points. Continue reading
Unusual coin with ant, one of the rarest vases in the world, the oldest temple in the territory of Russia – this is only a small part of the findings Phanagorian archaeological expedition in the current field season
The discoveries of the world level occur in Phanagoria (Taman Peninsula) quite often – the town existed for about 1500 years, it was located on the area of 65 hectares, a third of its territory today at the bottom of the sea, and “land” part after the departure of the inhabitants never were under construction.
This summer in “the Upper town” (it was located here in ancient times the centre) scientists revealed the oldest layers belonging to VI – V centuries BC And the “Lower city” (excavation, which began last year) began research of the youngest layers of the X – XI centuries in both – findings that open new pages of history.
So, in the “Upper town” found city block, apparently, burned in first – second quarter of V century BC As it is written in one of the written sources,it was around this time the Bosporan Kingdom changed the power – one dynasty changed another. The study quarter will continue in the coming year. But, if we compare the findings of the same time, made in other cities of the Bosporan Kingdom, it appears that the transfer of power was accompanied by an armed confrontation, leading to the destruction and fires. It also opened part of the building with thick walls. Scientists suggest that it is the Church of the VI century BC If further studies confirm their hypothesis, it will be the most ancient temple, found on the territory of modern Russia. Continue reading
On Altai scientists-paleontologists have unearthed the remains of a man who lived here about 50 thousand years ago. Loud discovery made the scientists in the cave with a frightening name “the Terrible”. The study will clarify the theory of anthropogenesis, reports Regnum referring to the press service of the Novosibirsk state University.
Previously, scientists found only implements of representatives that historical period, which gave grounds to make certain conclusions about the evolution of the first men. Discovered fossils could correct the theory of anthropogenesis, namely, to find out how interacted denisovans, Neanderthals and other humanoid beings.
Andrei Krivoshapkin from NSU says that in layers of 35-40 thousand years ago, archaeologists found part of the nail phalanx of the caveman, and the fragment of a rib and a skull, which is not less than five tens of thousands of years. Continue reading
The Museum of archaeology and Ethnology of the Institute of history, archaeology and Ethnography of the peoples of the Far East
The Museum presents unique exhibits received in excavations of monuments of different eras of the southern Far East, objects of traditional culture of Slavs. Detailed description
The Museum was created by order of the founder of the Institute of history, academician Krushanova, A. I. and November 15, 1979.
The subject of activity of the Museum is preservation, study and public presentation of archaeological collections obtained during excavations of monuments of different epochs on the territory of the southern Far East, the ethnographic collections of the peoples of the Far East of Russia and objects of traditional culture of Slavs (Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians) — settlers from the European part of the Russian Empire.
Exhibition area — 286,5 sqm, the Museum formed in accordance with the directions of the departments of the Institute and are the result of years of field research by archaeologists and ethnographers of the Institute. Accounting custody documentation is maintained in the prescribed manner. The funds are divided into two categories. The main Fund includes 1713 units, auxiliary science — 71548 items. Continue reading
This “Neolithic revolution” call is made at the site of ancient settlements of the indigenous inhabitants of the Eastern part of Sakhalin island open the head of the expedition, Vice-rector for science and innovations of the Sakhalin state University, Sakhalin state University, doctor of historical Sciences Alexander Vasilevsky. “They found hundreds of different household items, hunting, fishing, told journalists today Vasilevsky. – Still ten years ago such finds from the early Neolithic was considered fantastic, and the monuments of this period were almost unknown. No one could have imagined then that ceramics can be 10 000 years”.
Together with the Sakhalin colleagues two weeks worked with a group of Japanese archaeologists. This expedition took place on the basis of the contract between scientists at Tokyo University and Sakhalin state University. Excavations took place on the East coast of the island of Sakhalin, Dolinsky district. “We have certain techniques that allow expeditions to be successful, – said Alexander Vasilevsky. And, of course, very important to work in partnership with our neighbours. Because the study period is the study of the formation of the modern peoples of the region.” Continue reading