In Africa they found the tomb of the ancient relatives of man
In southern Africa found the remains of 15 partially preserved skeletons related to the modern human species that lived on our planet about 3 million years ago.
In an article published in the journal Elife, it is emphasized that this discovery radically changes representation about ancient mammals and is one of the most important in recent times.
Professor Lee Berger, who led the expedition, in an interview with bi-Bi-si has declared, that anything similar has never seen and even imagined that such discovery is possible at all. He also said that, in his opinion, these creatures were one of the first in the chain leading to modern man.
“Finding the first bones, we hoped to detect at least the remains of one being, and as a result found a few skeletons. By the end of three weeks the expedition emerged that found the largest burial place of the remains of relatives of human rights in the history of Africa,” says the Professor.
Who is he – Homo naledi?
15 skeletons, the bones of which are perfectly preserved, were found in an underground cave.
Representatives of the new species was named Homo naledi. Scientists have attributed them to the genus Homo, which includes modern man, and believe that these creatures had the ability to some sort of ritual behavior.Homo naledi
Professor Lee Berger, says that would not want in this case to use the term “missing link” (from APE to man), but felt that this was a kind of bridge from the primitive bipedal primates to humans.
Professor Chris stringer believes that the detection naledi is very important for science discovery.
“All the findings of recent years indicate that in various parts of Africa nature experimented, developing several different types of humanoid creatures. But only one of these lines were able to survive,” the scientist said in an interview bi-Bi-si.
Professor Lee Berger says that the previous ideas about ancient human species was based on only individual bones and parts of skulls of humanoid creatures.
The tunnel to the ancestors
Now naledi skeletons found in Africa, located at the University of Witwatersrand. They are all neatly laid out from youngest to more Mature.
Professor Berger suggests that he was amazed by how well preserved the remains – bones, skulls, teeth.
“This discovery may help us figure out all the details of the lives of these creatures: when they were born, how long the mother fed them with her milk, how they developed, the speed with which he passed their development, how different the way of life of male from female, how they got old and died,” the scientist said.
Homo naledi is very different from all previous finds of this kind. These, judging from the remains, had a small brain, the size of which is comparable to the size of the gorilla brain, and the structure of the pelvic and shoulder bones were very primitive. But scientists still brought these creatures to the human species because of a more developed skull, the relatively small size of the teeth and longer legs and structure of the feet.
The cave where the skeleton was found, is located in a valley known as the “Cradle of mankind”. It leads to a narrow cramped tunnel, where you can only crawl into the cave. The path takes about 20 minutes.
Scientists believe that this cave was used naledi for burial of the dead, and they did this ritual for several generations. If confirmed, this will be proof that ancient people mastered this ritual is not 200 thousand years ago, as previously thought, but much earlier.
Other details of the lives of these creatures, according to scientists, may change our understanding of how evolved the person is and how complex and rich the history of mankind.