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The Neolithic settlement found in Istanbul

During the ongoing works on construction of railway tunnel “Marmaray” in Istanbul workers found invaluable for historians the ruins of the ancient settlement.

Presumably the settlement belongs to the new stone age (Neolithic).

It was constructed over 8,000 years ago on the site of modern Istanbul’s Pendik district.

Ancient buildings, the cemetery, various tools, such as knives, needles, axes, whose age is about 8 500 years old, were discovered during the construction of the section Gebze-Haydarpaşa Marmaray tunnel. Now excavations at this place are the Museum of archaeology of Istanbul.

Ahmet Emre Bilgili, Manager of culture and tourism, said that such a discovery that shed light on the ancient history of Istanbul. was a great joy, and that now the city would need a new Museum, which housed artifacts from the Neolithic period.

Excavations showed that the ancient inhabitants of the area put their homes under the shells of mussels, to ensure water tightness of buildings. After analyzing an ancient garbage dump, was able to establish that people in that time ate many seafood.

Archaeologists also found personal belongings in cemeteries, such as axes, spoons, needles, presses for barley and wheat, grinding stones, pottery Dating back to the Byzantine period. The remains of skeletons on kladbischenskaya to establish that people were buried in the pose of embryos.

The ancient settlement is located in 1.5 km East from the centre of the Pendik district and about 50 metres to the North-West Bay on the coast. The first traces of ancient settlements in the area were discovered in 1908, during railway construction.

The first archaeological excavations were conducted in 1961 by Professor Şevket Aziz Kansu, but then nothing substantial could be found.

In April 1981 the excavations were resumed, but the first opening was followed only in 1992 when they managed to unearth three upper reservoir settlement. In the upper layer there were a lot of dishes from the classical period, on the average – the ruins of buildings and a cemetery at the bottom – the evidence of settlements from the Neolithic period.

Previously another ancient city was discovered in the suburbs of Istanbul yenikapi. Museum staff, archaeologists reported that they are trying to establish whether there was some connection between the inhabitants of two ancient settlements.