Archaeological site museums in Russia. problems of formation and functioning
The modern world is increasingly faced with the challenge of finding methods of preservation and rational use of historical and cultural heritage. This is especially difficult when dealing with archaeological sites. Within this problem, there are different proposals, but the popularity of the creation of archaeological museums-reserves. It is significant that this trend is not localized in individual countries. having a powerful intellectual, economic and other resources, and assumes a worldwide scale.
This has been demonstrated through a number of archaeological museums-reserves around the world – Stonehenge, the Altamira in Europe, pustynna Nebraska in North America, La Venta in South America, Tassili, Carthage in Africa, and others.
In Russia in the last decade also there has been a sustained drive to expand the list of archaeological museums-reserves. But real Museum objects across the country is not much. according to the data of 2006 in Russia there were 103 of the Museum-reserve and 41 farmstead Museum. Thus the geography of their distribution shows the absolute leadership of the Central regions of the country and very low scores for Siberia and the Far East.
Coordinating center and razrabotchiki and projects for the creation of archaeological museums-reserves in Russia were made by Russian research Institute for cultural and natural heritage. D. S. Likhachov (the Heritage Institute).
The creative team of the Institute in 2000 – ies the work was carried out at such facilities as the Irendyk, Arkaim, sungir, and a number of other objects of archaeological heritage the European part of the country. The results have identified the problems and difficulties existing in the sphere of Museum presentation of archaeological heritage, as reflected in scientific publications.