In St. Petersburg will present the findings of archaeological expeditions in the history of Russia
Moscow, April 15. St. Petersburg archaeologists will present the finds of the expeditions of 2014, providing new evidence about the history of different regions of Russia and Asia. As reported TASS, the results of the field studies conducted in St. Petersburg, the Crimea, Tuva, Kola Peninsula, Turkmenistan will be considered at the enlarged meeting of the academic Council of the Institute of history of material culture (IIMK), ran, the newspaper reports “Kryminform “.
“The geography of research was very wide – from Tuva to Vyborg, the Kola Peninsula and the Krasnodar territory and on the territory of other States,” said TASS Deputy Director of the Institute Natalia Solovieva. – Besides fundamental research, the Institute carried out work on 42 contracts for conducting security-saving actions in the areas of economic development of Russia”.
At the meeting of the Academic Council archaeologists will also present the research plans, which in 2015 will be held in Crimea, the site of a unique underwater monument – sunken ancient city of AKRA, which is also called the “Crimean Atlantis”. Specialists of the Institute work there for the fourth year together with colleagues from the State Hermitage and the black sea center of underwater researches of the Crimea.
According to Natalia Solovieva, one of the most important finds of the expeditions of 2014 was discovered in the center of St. Petersburg, the burial place of the first builders of the city, for the first time allowed to make the conclusion that the Northern capital stroyline captured by the Swedes, and Russian peasants from the European part of Russia. This special exhibition was prepared for the meeting of the academic Council, will be presented to the artifacts found in these excavations, fragments of shoes, crucifix, dishes, coins. Finds of the early Scythian and Scythian period and the early middle Ages will present here the expedition, who worked in Tuva and South-Western Sayan.
The sensation was the finding of the expedition in the settlement Ilgynly-Depe in the South-East of Turkmenistan. Russian archaeologists discovered a unique complex – a specialized workshop for making small clay sculptures and several hundred made it items relating to the early Chalcolithic – line V – IV Millennium BC. “It was considered that in this region at such an early stage of development there was no separation of social groups, but this finding proves that groups of artisans, farmers and, perhaps, Ministers of religion existed here already in the early bronze age,” – said Solovyov. “We found the workshop supplied its products to the whole community, about 1.5 thousand people, she said. It indicates the existence in society of the class of craftsmen, and therefore, a higher level of development and prosperity”.
The Institute traces its history back to 1859, when it was created by the Imperial archaeological Commission. Today the Institute employs over 80 doctors and candidates of historical Sciences, the leading specialists in the main areas of archaeology and ancient history of Eurasia. Research Institute collaborates with the archaeological institutions of the CIS countries, as well as the UK, Germany, Denmark, Ireland, Norway, Poland, USA, Finland, France and Sweden.