The Israelis dug up the history of the green
Beliefs about the evil eye – some of the oldest in the middle East. Mesopotamian texts Dating back to 2500 BC, refers to “the evil eye”. These traditions are still preserved: the famous blue eyes – one of the most popular Souvenirs brought from Turkey. But there are also green – they probably have more ancient roots.
The first farmers were defending themselves and their crops by using green magic amulets. The importance of amulets was so great that they were made of special minerals, specially brought from afar.
The results of archaeological excavations of settlements from the Neolithic period on the territory of modern Israel was published in the journal PNAS.
Jewelry is as old as the world itself. For example, we already wrote about the oldest known artifacts, also found in the middle East – their age is estimated at up to 135 thousand years.
At different times of the jewelry carried a variety of meanings, but originally probably served primarily a sacral function.
The basic material from which were made beads, green or brown Apatite
Daniella Bar-Yosef Mayer (Daniella Bar-Yosef Mayer ) at the University of Haifa (Universityof Haifa ) and Naomi Porat (Porat Naomi ) from the Israeli geological Institute (Geological Survey of Israel ) believe that the fashion for all things green appeared during the Neolithic revolution, which was accompanied by adaptation of primitive beliefs.
“White, black, brown, yellow and red beads were used by people for tens of thousands of years, and green was only with the transition to agriculture,” according to Israeli archaeologists.
During the cruise were conducted eight excavations of ancient settlements, half of which was dated to the period between 13 000 and 11 500 years ago, and the other half between 11 600 and 8200 years ago.
The first objects belong to the natufian transitional period. in the times which, according to many scientists, and have been cultivated plants. The second – to the later culture, which can be called certainly agricultural.
Among the ornaments found at the natufian settlements, 45 of the 116 were green, and the place of such farming was already 46 out of 105. Unpublished results from 12 additional objects exhibit similar color proportions.
Interestingly, none of the minerals used in the manufacture, could not be produced near the place of excavation. Some were brought more than 100 kilometers from Northern Syria, from Cyprus or even from Saudi Arabia.
Dr. Bar-Yosef Mayer believes that green color symbolizes not only the young leaves of the new harvest. In her opinion, the agricultural revolution fundamentally changed the lifestyle of the people, including the dramatically increased fertility levels, and hence child mortality.
Accordingly, the first farmers were forced to adapt to changes. This is reflected in the evolution of ancient beliefs: the lives of children and the maturing of crops seemed to be interconnected – and that they were trying to protect the world from the dangers with the new amulets.
The Israelis also like to add that the cultural mechanisms that have arisen in the middle East during the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture could be extended to a significant part of the modern world, including and together with the Indo-European migration.
Read also about the most ancient gold ornament of America and that in the middle East came not only the first farmers, but also the first bee-keepers.