Siberian archaeology — the end of the season
First of all Vyacheslav Molodin has focused on excavations in the complex of Tartas-1 Vengerovsky district of Novosibirsk region. Portal Scientific Russia already talked about the mysterious graves found near the Old village of Tartas. This year archaeologists have examined about 2 thousand square metres, found the remains of dwellings and a variety of things. Found even the Neolithic was the construction of fish processing. The archaeologists used geophysical equipment — magnetometers — and made a map of potential sites for future excavations.
Continued excavations in the Novosibirsk region and “Vengerovo-2”, where the bronze age settlement (about it also wrote the portal of Scientific Russia ). In Vengerovo was made a rare find — absolutely a vessel. In addition, this year there was found a mold for the manufacture of bronze axes. Tellingly, it was made from imported stone, and, apparently, could withstand up to 200 castings.Here’s another proof of the constant mixing of cultures that occurred in Siberia.
And in the Kolyvan district of the Novosibirsk region was found in Mongolian burial related in XIII-XIV centuries. In grave discovered the woman’s headdress, bun, clearly Mongol origin. And lie near the Western Siberian things. This woman, who lived far to the North from the centres of the Mongolian Empire clearly used local things, and, says Vyacheslav Molodin, “was integrated into the local environment.”
The particular problem of archaeological monuments under threat. Today archaeologists have to carry out emergency excavations in areas of planned new buildings, and even to compete with many mysterious private firms. The biggest challenge for Siberian archaeologists associated with the construction of a gas pipeline, which Gazprom will pull to the Chinese border through the Altai mountains, famous for its rich archaeological sites.
In General, the academician Molodin supports construction of the pipeline, but he’s even said that RAS will be making a request a number to move the track so as not to damage the rock carvings. (Portal of Scientific Russia in 2013 wrote that the pipeline threatens the archaeological monuments of Altai ). It is worth remembering that relations between archaeologists and the management of the Mountain Altai are rather tense because of the conflict around the so-called “Princess of Ukok” priceless archeological finds that some of the inhabitants of Altai led by shamans require to bury. Development of these relations in connection with construction of the pipeline, the future will show.
Siberia is the area which has brought, brings and will obviously continue to bring archaeologists the richest finds. Excavations in Siberia provide an opportunity to learn about primitive peoples, and migrations provide tons of information for further research. Let’s hope that these invaluable and unique, unlike the new data will not be destroyed in favor of changing political and economic landscape.