In China found the remains of an unknown human ancestor
An international group of researchers from China and Australia have made a discovery that could one day turn the idea of human evolution .
The mysterious remains were discovered in the so-called “deer cave” in the Chinese province of Yunnan in 1979. In the remains of relatives of homo sapiens. scientists have identified an unknown science view of human beings. However, to explore them began only recently – from rock bones recovered only in 2009. Another similar skeleton was found in 1989 in neighboring Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region. But his study only in 2008. If the assumption of archaeologists are confirmed, in the books of anthropology among the people who inhabited our planet thousands of years ago, the company “Homo sapiens” and Neanderthals will be the third type.
According to scientists and archaeologists. found the remains of from 11.5 to 14.3 thousand years. A distinctive feature of the “man from deer cave” is the structure of the skull – cranial region: skull: round, low superciliary ridges. The face was small and flat, wide nose. The lower jaw was jutting forward strongly, with the structure of the neck was quite “modern”. Generally, statiscally is a kind of “mix” – from prehistory and the present man.
Skull from “the Cave of the red deer”
Scientists believe that these people were above Neanderthal in its development. Thus, the tomogram of the skull showed that the frontal lobe of the brain were to be similar to those that we have today. However, the parietal region was quite underdeveloped.
Now scientists have three versions of the origin of the “man from deer cave”.
“It is possible that they appeared in the result of mixing a “reasonable person” with other, less advanced, the species that inhabited this territory then,” says Dr. Isabelle De Groot from London’s natural history Museum.
Reconstruction of the shape of ancient man
However, scientists tend to the version more that this is a separate evolutionary branch. “First, their skull from an anatomical point of view unique. They were not similar to living people, nor those that lived in Africa 150 thousand years ago, said archaeologist Carnot.
Another employee of the natural history Museum in London, Chris stringer, believes that these people could be the first wave of emigration from Africa, that is, the early “stage” of modern man. In his view, “people of the reindeer caves” had left the homeland long before the “primary outcome” about 60 thousand years ago. zn