Archaeological excavations of ancient cities in China: Jinsha Regions of China
Jinsha is an archaeological area, which is located in the province of Sichuan China, Chengdu, in the Qingyang district on the Bank of river modi. Its name it derives from the homonymous street, located nearby, which, in turn, was named after the river Jinsha. This place was discovered by accident, but became very significant. The heyday of this city was from 1000 BC And now it is a large, popular Museum.
8 February 2001 in the village of Jinsha builders worked on the construction of a new facility. During the process, and were found valuable archaeological finds – products of Jasper and ivory. Soon arrived at the scene the police, the object was closed and the area was protected for excavation. Later the place became a Museum of archaeology. Jinsha is located in 50 km from the famous culture of Sanxingdui that have carried out archaeological excavations of ancient cities. The highest point of its development the city has reached about 1000 BC Here found burial grounds that are similar to Sanindusa, also a large variety of items from jade, ivory, gold and bronze, but this settlement was not the city wall. The Jinsha culture, which existed from 1200 to 650 BC according to scientists, is the “final” Insidously culture.
Since the beginning of archaeological excavations in the ancient city managed to extract from the ground more than 1000 products of an ancient culture. The age of most of them is more than 3000 years. Ochevidnosti the similarity of detected objects in Sensisble. Thus, a bronze figure of a man similar to bronze statues and masks of the neighbouring culture. A gold belt is visible ornament, resembling the ornament on a gold scepter, the symbol of princely power in the Kingdom of Shu.
Found by archaeologists on the ribbon, clearly visible image of the arrow which pierces the bird. This ornament is more like a symbol of a particular ethnic group. The band dimensions can indicate that it was a headdress, and her valuable – the fact that this headdress belonged to Prince Shu.
Most of the Jasper products are priceless. For example, archaeologists discovered Jasper square with a round hole inside. The Chinese called it cong and believed that it allows you to communicate with the gods and ancestors. But this is a unique product with a height of 22 cm, on which by means of a microscope can see the smallest ornaments.
Excavations at Jinsha allowed to complement and make clearer the history of Chengdu. Previously, scientists believed that this city is about 2,500 years old. But work carried out indicates that Chengdu was already the political and cultural center 3000 years ago.
Archaeologists cannot determine the true purpose of Jinsha. But they think it could perform sacrifices and other rituals of worship.