Mysterious sanctuary of the stone age hunters. Archaeological discoveries at gobekli Tepe
All familiar with the history of the ancient world, remember that civilization originated in the lowlands of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers about 3 thousand years BC All that was before, – background, small villages of early farmers, primitive technology, home, cults. Recent discoveries of German archaeologists in southeastern Turkey, near the city of Urfa (ancient Edessa) substantially changed this usual picture, delaying the beginning of the story for 7-8 thousand years.
What do we mean by “civilization”? First of all organized society, able to focus not only on bread. Creation of monumental structures – namely these found in 1995 by Klaus Schmidt at gobekli Tepe is required the concerted efforts of many people over many years: built on a definite plan, builders need food and water… And it’s more than 12 thousand years ago (and perhaps earlier, since the excavations are far from complete). The scientist believes that he has found cult center of hunters and gatherers of the stone age, who did not know farming and cattle breeding. It was created centuries and continued for two or three thousand years. Here in pregorative, in the area of a diameter of about 200 kilometers, found several settlements of the same era, some of them lived hundreds, if not thousands of people. These people adorned the walls of buildings drawings and bas-reliefs, made mosaic floors, decorations, but didn’t know ceramics and metal. It was certainly a difficult and highly cultured society but, although the author devotes many pages to the interpretation of findings, perhaps we’ll never know how they thought and what they believed.
Unfortunately, to commend this edition we can’t: the translator tried to be accurate, but it’s the only merit of the translation, to Wade through which can only true fans of ancient history.