In mid-January in Latgale vandals destroyed three of the archaeological monument of national significance – burial sites in Danilovka, Login and Batni, writes Latvijas Avīze. This is the cemetery of the ancient Latgalians, Dating back to before the 14th century. All was ravaged more than 200 graves. From the point of view of number is unprecedented, and recognized representatives of the State Inspectorate for protection of monuments of culture.
Attackers using metal detectors tested ancient tombs looking for ancient bronze ornaments, iron axes and spearheads. The excavated spoils are often offered on the websites of international trade with the annotation that it was “Viking things”.
The greatest losses at the hands of vandals suffered Latgalians graves of the late iron age, located near the village of Logini in Vilaka region. The cemetery is in a remote location in the pine forest. This burial of the 11th-12th centuries, in which earlier archaeologists found bronze bracelets, ornaments, rings, pendants and chains. Continue reading
More than a thousand skeletons in “elegant gowns” were found in Roman catacombs of Saint Peter and Marcellinus. Roman archaeologists from the French School and the French University of Bordeaux during the restoration works have uncovered a mass grave just outside the medieval frescoes.
Scholars date the burial was found in the first century after Christ, noting that so far such burial sites in the catacombs were not met. “This is the earliest of these mass graves”, – quotes RIA “news” words of the senior inspector of the Roman catacombs of Raffaella Giuliani. As she says, usually in the catacombs were buried two or, at most, three bodies simultaneously, but in this case we are talking about “several rooms filled with skeletons”.
According to the custom of the time, the body of noble Romans were cremated, not buried. So there is every reason to assume that the body discovered belonged to the first Christians – though noble. “The fact that skeletons dressed in expensive togas is very unusual and may indicate that the dead belonged to the upper class of Roman society,” says Professor Andrew Wallshaker (Andrew Wallace Hadrill), Director of the British School in Rome. Continue reading
Our planet often brings surprises to scientists. Paleontologists generally are more like hunters, and despite the fact that the quest for long-extinct animals are strictly on science, some discoveries like treasures. It is possible to tell about fossils found recently in China. Age of it — 520 million years, and the animal itself (Chengjiangocaris kunmingensis) is a relative of modern crustaceans.
Amazing is the fact that the breed was printed not only the chitin armor with all the details, but the nervous system of the animal. It’s almost unbelievable fortune, and certainly the best preserved instance of the structure of the nervous system of extinct millions of years ago animal. Usually saved only hard body parts like teeth, bones, and chitinous shells. Get mineralized tissue is extremely rare, and “colored” fossil of this type is generally unique. At the center of all fossils is a clear line of purple color, it is so-called the nerve cord (“spinal cord”). On the line visible thickening is ganglia, located between each of the pairs of legs of the animal. According to Javier Ortega-Hernandez, the head of the research team who found the fossil, these ganglia were something like a mini-brain for each of the pairs of feet of ancient crustaceans. After a detailed examination of the finds were discovered and dozens baleally auxiliary nerve endings, which were fan-shaped along the entire length of the strand. Continue reading