"Black diggers" ahead of the search engines
In one of the suburbs of Kaliningrad treasure hunters found the wreckage of the Soviet IL-2, deceased in 1945 in the battles for Koenigsberg. Before the excavations had spent a…

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Archaeological Museum Blagoveshchensk state pedagogical University
In 2006, a group of employees at Belarusian state pedagogical University under the guidance of Professor Bolotin D. P. performed work on the project "Creation of scientific-methodical and educational components…

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ancient

Unique fossils age 0.5 billion years to see even the nervous system of the animal

Our planet often brings surprises to scientists. Paleontologists generally are more like hunters, and despite the fact that the quest for long-extinct animals are strictly on science, some discoveries like treasures. It is possible to tell about fossils found recently in China. Age of it — 520 million years, and the animal itself (Chengjiangocaris kunmingensis) is a relative of modern crustaceans.

Amazing is the fact that the breed was printed not only the chitin armor with all the details, but the nervous system of the animal. It’s almost unbelievable fortune, and certainly the best preserved instance of the structure of the nervous system of extinct millions of years ago animal. Usually saved only hard body parts like teeth, bones, and chitinous shells. Get mineralized tissue is extremely rare, and “colored” fossil of this type is generally unique. At the center of all fossils is a clear line of purple color, it is so-called the nerve cord (“spinal cord”). On the line visible thickening is ganglia, located between each of the pairs of legs of the animal. According to Javier Ortega-Hernandez, the head of the research team who found the fossil, these ganglia were something like a mini-brain for each of the pairs of feet of ancient crustaceans. After a detailed examination of the finds were discovered and dozens baleally auxiliary nerve endings, which were fan-shaped along the entire length of the strand. Continue reading