The modern world is increasingly faced with the challenge of finding methods of preservation and rational use of historical and cultural heritage. This is especially difficult when dealing with archaeological sites. Within this problem, there are different proposals, but the popularity of the creation of archaeological museums-reserves. It is significant that this trend is not localized in individual countries. having a powerful intellectual, economic and other resources, and assumes a worldwide scale.
This has been demonstrated through a number of archaeological museums-reserves around the world – Stonehenge, the Altamira in Europe, pustynna Nebraska in North America, La Venta in South America, Tassili, Carthage in Africa, and others.
In Russia in the last decade also there has been a sustained drive to expand the list of archaeological museums-reserves. But real Museum objects across the country is not much. according to the data of 2006 in Russia there were 103 of the Museum-reserve and 41 farmstead Museum. Thus the geography of their distribution shows the absolute leadership of the Central regions of the country and very low scores for Siberia and the Far East. Continue reading
Odessa archaeological Museum is one of the oldest in Ukraine. It is located in a magnificent building built in the country style in the middle of the XIX century, in the heart of Odessa. Thanks to the incredibly rich collection of unique antiquities archaeological Museum is a real treasure, a priceless cultural heritage, and is among the top ten most visited sights of South Palmyra.
It began its history in 1825 as the city Museum of antiquities. The core of its collection became a private collection of ancient books and archaeological objects, which the city passed local philanthropist Ivan Blaramberh, who actively participated in the creation of the Museum. Further development required archaeological Museum of the Odessa society of history and antiquities, through which its funds have been considerably increased original artifacts of the past.
The Museum’s collection, numbering about 170 thousand exhibits, is set in ten themed rooms, located on two floors. It consists of valuable monuments of history and culture of the Northern black sea, ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, as well as antiquities from Cyprus and Egypt. The exposition is built in chronological order from the stone age to the middle Ages and introduces the culture and life of different Nations. Continue reading
Beliefs about the evil eye – some of the oldest in the middle East. Mesopotamian texts Dating back to 2500 BC, refers to “the evil eye”. These traditions are still preserved: the famous blue eyes – one of the most popular Souvenirs brought from Turkey. But there are also green – they probably have more ancient roots.
The first farmers were defending themselves and their crops by using green magic amulets. The importance of amulets was so great that they were made of special minerals, specially brought from afar.
The results of archaeological excavations of settlements from the Neolithic period on the territory of modern Israel was published in the journal PNAS.
Jewelry is as old as the world itself. For example, we already wrote about the oldest known artifacts, also found in the middle East – their age is estimated at up to 135 thousand years.
At different times of the jewelry carried a variety of meanings, but originally probably served primarily a sacral function.
The basic material from which were made beads, green or brown Apatite
Daniella Bar-Yosef Mayer (Daniella Bar-Yosef Mayer ) at the University of Haifa (Universityof Haifa ) and Naomi Porat (Porat Naomi ) from the Israeli geological Institute (Geological Survey of Israel ) believe that the fashion for all things green appeared during the Neolithic revolution, which was accompanied by adaptation of primitive beliefs. Continue reading