The megalosaur (1676), the first dinosaur found. When part of his thigh was discovered in the UK in 1676, Professor at Oxford University, took her for part of the leg of a giant. Only 150 years later in 1824, William Buckland named the creature the “megalosaur”. The term “dinosaurs” appeared 20 years later in 1842.
Mosasaur (1764). Bones of mosasaurs found for hundreds of years, but could not understand who they belong to. Mosasaur notable for the fact that it was first considered to be the most ancient extinct species. It was made by the French naturalist Georges Cuvier, he first suggested that some creatures could live for millions of years before humans.
Iguanodon (1820) was the second creature, which was given the definition of “dinosaur”. The teeth of the iguanodon were discovered by British geologist Gideon Mantell. He showed them various scientist, but they considered that the teeth belong to the fish or rhinos. Only a couple of years from the remains iguanaman saw a giant creature.
Archaeopteryx (1860-1862). In 1859 Charles Darwin published his famous book “Origin of species” which described the theory of evolution. Soon was found a perfectly preserved skeleton of Archaeopteryx, which razosanas in “missing link” between dinosaurs and birds. Later found a much more convincing transitional forms, Archaeopteryx but remember all. Continue reading
Archaeologists have found in Rosh ha’ayin in the Central district of Israel ancient manor house and the Byzantine Church. Researchers estimate the age of the estate is approximately 2700 years old, the age of the Church in 1500 years. About the findings the scientists reported in a press release from the Israel antiquities authority.
The detected size of the estate — 30 x 50 meters, its walls are preserved to a height of over two meters. The house had 24 rooms gathered around a Central courtyard. In the courtyard scientists found a large compartment for the storage of grain, which, according to archeologists, suggest that in ancient times in the area the grain is grown in large quantities. This is also confirmed by the earlier findings in the excavations millstones. Along with other artifacts found on the estate, the researchers found two silver coins with the image of the Greek goddess Athena and her owl. Scientists have dated the coins to the fourth century BC. Also, there was found a stone press for olive oil.
According to the head of the excavations Amide of Shadman, this farm and others like it worked for centuries, until, until they were abandoned in the Hellenistic period (after 323 BC). The revival of the territory began in the Byzantine Empire in the V century came a new wave of settlers-Christians.
On one of the nearby hills, the researchers discovered a monastery from the Byzantine period. In the monastery complex, archaeologists have found a Church, an olive press, living quarters and stables with original mangers and troughs. The floor of the Abbey Church was covered with colorful mosaics. On one of the mosaics survived the inscription: “This place was built under the supervision of a priest Theodosius. Peace be with you, when you came, peace be with you, when you go away, Amen.” Continue reading
An international group of researchers from China and Australia have made a discovery that could one day turn the idea of human evolution .
The mysterious remains were discovered in the so-called “deer cave” in the Chinese province of Yunnan in 1979. In the remains of relatives of homo sapiens. scientists have identified an unknown science view of human beings. However, to explore them began only recently – from rock bones recovered only in 2009. Another similar skeleton was found in 1989 in neighboring Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region. But his study only in 2008. If the assumption of archaeologists are confirmed, in the books of anthropology among the people who inhabited our planet thousands of years ago, the company “Homo sapiens” and Neanderthals will be the third type.
According to scientists and archaeologists. found the remains of from 11.5 to 14.3 thousand years. A distinctive feature of the “man from deer cave” is the structure of the skull – cranial region: skull: round, low superciliary ridges. The face was small and flat, wide nose. The lower jaw was jutting forward strongly, with the structure of the neck was quite “modern”. Generally, statiscally is a kind of “mix” – from prehistory and the present man. Continue reading